Long Memory and Fractional Differencing: Revisiting Clive W. J. Granger's Contributions and Further Developments


  • Ryoko Ito University of Oxford


Cointegration, long-range dependence, unit-root, frequency domain


In 1980, Sir Clive W. J. Granger discovered the fractional differencing operator and its fundamental properties in discrete-time mathematics, which sparked an enormous literature concerning the fractionally integrated autoregressive moving average models. Fractionally integrated models capture a type of long memory and have useful theoretical properties, although scientists can nd them dicult to estimate or intuitively interpret. His introductory papers from 1980, one
of which with Roselyne Joyeux, show his early and deep understanding of this subject by showing that familiar short memory processes can produce long memory eects under certain conditions. Moreover, fractional dierencing advanced our understanding of cointegration and the properties of traditional Dickey-Fuller tests, and motivated the development of new unit-root tests against fractional alternatives. This article honors his signicant contributions by identifying key areas of
research he inspired and surveying recent developments in them.




How to Cite

Long Memory and Fractional Differencing: Revisiting Clive W. J. Granger’s Contributions and Further Developments. (2017). European Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 10(1), 82-103. https://www.ejpam.com/index.php/ejpam/article/view/2951

Similar Articles

1-10 of 136

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.